Human Cancer Markers

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Common CA Marker :

  • AFP                 : Hepatic (Normal : 2 - 16 ng/ml)
  • AFP + HCG     : Germ Cell Carcinoma
  • CEA                : Breast, Lungs, Gastric & Pancreatic Carcinoma
  • CA 15-3         : Breast & Also Pancrease, Lungs, Ovaries, Colorectal & Liver
  • CA 125          : Ovarian & Endometrial
  • CA 19-9         : Colorectal & Pancrease, Also Hepatic, Gastric & Breast.
  • CA 50            : Pancreatic & Colorectal and also Biliary tract and Liver
  • CA 72A          : G.I. tract & Ovary carcinoma
  • CA 242           : Pancreatic & Colorectal, and also Biliary tract, liver, Gastric, Colic.
  • PSA                 : Prostate

Hormone CA Markers :

  • ACTH             : Cushing Syndrome, Lungs (Small Cell)
  • ADH               : Procaryotic, Duodenal, Adrenal cortex, Lungs
  • Calcitonin      : Medullary thyroid
  • Gastrin           : Glucagonoma
  • HCG               : Embryonal, Testicular
  • PTH                : Liver, Renal, Breast & Lungs
  • Prolectin        : Renal, Lungs & Pituitary
  • Human Placental Lactogen    : Gonad, Lungs, Breast & Trophoblast.

Enzyme CA Markers :

  • Neuron Specific Enolase    : Lungs & Pancrease
  • Alcohol Dehydrogenase     : Liver
  • Amylase                              : Pancrease
  • Esterage                              : Breast
  • 5-Nucleotidase                   : Liver
  • Ribonuclease                       : Ovarian, Lungs & Large Bowel.
  • LDH                                      : Liver
  • LD5 (Iso-enzyme)                 : Nerve (inCSF)
  • CK1                                       : Lungs & Breast, Colon, Ovary & Stomach.
  • ALP                                       : Liver

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