Normal Value of Biochemical Parameters and Cancer Markers

Normal Value of Biochemical Parameters and Cancer Markers : http://medicoinfo.org/normal-value-of-biochemical-parameters-and-cancer-markers/

Lipid Profile Test :

  1. Total Lipid : 400 – 1000 mg/dl
  2. Serum Total Cholesterol : 150 – 239 mg/dl
  3. Serum Triglyceride : 40 – 140 mg/dl
  4. Serum HDL Cholesterol
    • Male : 30-60 mg/dl
    • Female : 40-70 mg/dl
  5. Serum LDL Cholesterol : 160 mg/dl
  6. Total Cholesterol / HDL ratio : Upto 5.0
  7. Serum VLDL Cholesterol (TG/5) : < 35 mg/dl
  8. Serum Phospholipids :

Cardiac Profile Test :

Cardiac Risk Evaluation Tests

  • Serum Total Cholesterol : 150 – 239 mg/dl
  • Serum Triglyceride : 40 – 140 mg/dl
  • Serum HDL Cholesterol :
    • Male : 30-60 mg/dl
    • Female : 40-70 mg/dl
  • Serum LDL Cholesterol : < 160 mg/dl
  • Total Cholesterol / HDL ratio : Upto 5.0
  • Serum VLDL Cholesterol (TG/5) : < 35 mg/dl

Cardiac Injury Panel Test

  • Creatinine Phosphokinase (CPK)            :
    • Male : < 170 U/L
    • Female : <145 U/L
  • CPK-MB : 0 – 24 U/L
  • SGOT : Upto 40 IU/L
  • Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) : 230 – 480 U/L
  • SHBD :

Atherogenic Risk Factor (For Diabetic Patient)

  • Blood Glucose :
    • Fasting : 70 – 110 mg/dl
    • Post Prandial : Upto 140 mg/dl
  • Serum Urea Nitrogen : 7 – 21 mg/dl
  • Serum Creatinine : 0.5 – 1.4 mg/dl
  • Serum Electrolytes             :
    • Na+    : 136 – 145 meq/L
    • K+      : 3.5 – 5.1 meq/L
    • Cl      : 98 – 107 meq/L
  • Serum Phospholipids

Diabetic Profile Test :

  1. Blood Glucose :
    • Fasting glucose : 70 – 110 mg/dl
    • Post Prandial glucose : Upto 140 mg/dl
  2. Urine Glucose (Fasting & PP) : Nil
  3. Urine Ketone bodies : Nil
  4. Blood Urea Nitrogen : 7 – 21 mg/dl
  5. Serum Total Cholesterol : 150 – 239 mg/dl
  6. Serum Triglyceride : 40 – 140 mg/dl
  7. Serum HDL Cholesterol
    • Male : 30-60 mg/dl
    • Female : 40-70 mg/dl
  8. Total Cholesterol / HDL ratio : Upto 5.0
  9. Glycosylated Haemoglobin (HBA1C) : Upto 6.0%

Liver Function Test :

  1. Serum Bilirubin :
    • Total : 0.2 – 1.2 mg/dl
    • Conjugated : Upto 0.25 mg/dl
    • Unconjugated : Upto 1.0 mg/dl
  2. SGPT (ALT)  : Upto 40 IU/L
  3. SGOT (AST)  : Upto 40 IU/L
  4. Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP)
    • Adult : <250 IU/L
    • Children : <1200 IU/L
  5. Gamma GT (if necessary) : 8 – 35 U/L
  6. Prothrombin Time (if necessary) : 14 ± 2 Second
  7. Serum Protein :
    • Total Protein : 6.0 – 8.5 gm/dl
    • Albumin : 3.2 – 5.5 gm/dl
    • Globulin : 2.0 – 3.5 gm/dl
    • A:G ratio : 1.7 : 1
  8. Thymol Turbidity Test :
  9. Urine (Chemical Examination)
    • Bile Salt
    • Bile Pigment
    • Urobilinogen

Renal Profile Test :

  1. Serum Urea : 15 – 45 mg/dl
  2. Serum Creatinine : 0.5 – 1.4 mg/dl
  3. Serum Uric Acid
    • Male     : 3.5 – 7.5 mg/dl
    • Female  : 2.5 – 6.5 mg/dl
  4. Serum Protein :
    • Total Protein : 6.0 – 8.5 gm/dl
    • Albumin : 3.2 – 5.5 gm/dl
    • Globulin : 2.0 – 3.5 gm/dl
    • A:G ratio : 1.7 : 1
  5. Serum Electrolytes :
    • Na+      : 136 – 145 meq/L
    • K+        : 3.5 – 5.1 meq/L
    • Cl       : 98 – 107 meq/L
  6. Blood gases :
    • pO2     : 85 – 95 mm of Hg
    • pCO2   : 31 – 42 mm of Hg
  7. Blood PH  : 7.35 – 7.45
  8. Serum Bicarbonate  : 24 – 26 mmol/L
  9. Plasma & Urine Osmolarity 
    • Plasma 
    • Urine 
  10. Plasma & Urine Osmolarity ratio  : 3.0 or more
  11. Creatinine Clearance Test  :
    • Male   : 105 ± 20 ml/min
    • Female : 95 ± 20 ml/min
  12. Routine Urine Examination 

Common CA Marker :

  • AFP                 : Hepatic (Normal : 2 – 16 ng/ml)
  • AFP + HCG   : Germ Cell Carcinoma
  • CEA                : Breast, Lungs, Gastric & Pancreatic Carcinoma
  • CA 15-3         : Breast & Also Pancrease, Lungs, Ovaries, Colorectal             & Liver
  •  CA 125          : Ovarian & Endometrial
  • CA 19-9         : Colorectal & Pancrease, Also Hepatic, Gastric & Breast.
  • CA 50             : Pancreatic & Colorectal and also Biliary tract and Liver
  • CA 72A          : G.I. tract & Ovary carcinoma
  • CA 242           : Pancreatic & Colorectal, and also Biliary tract, liver, Gastric, Colic.
  • PSA                 : Prostate

Hormone CA Markers :

  • ACTH             : Cushing Syndrome, Lungs (Small Cell)
  • ADH               : Procaryotic, Duodenal, Adrenal cortex, Lungs
  • Calcitonin      :  Medullary thyroid
  • Gastrin           : Glucagonoma
  • HCG               : Embryonal, Testicular
  • PTH                : Liver, Renal, Breast & Lungs
  • Prolectin        : Renal, Lungs & Pituitary
  • Human Placental Lactogen    : Gonad, Lungs, Breast & Trophoblast.

Enzyme CA Markers :

  • Neuron Specific Enolase    : Lungs & Pancrease
  • Alcohol Dehydrogenase     : Liver
  • Amylase                                 : Pancrease
  • Esterage                                 : Breast
  • 5-Nucleotidase                     : Liver
  • Ribonuclease                        : Ovarian, Lungs & Large Bowel.
  • LDH                                        : Liver
  • LD5 (Iso-enzyme)                 : Nerve (inCSF)
  • CK1                                         : Lungs & Breast, Colon, Ovary & Stomach.
  • ALP                                        : Liver

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