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Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) : Sign & Symptoms, Transmission, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic viral infection, potentially life-threatening condition caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). By damaging our immune system, HIV interferes with our body’s ability to fight the organisms that cause disease. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a global pandemic. As of 2014, approximately 37 million people have HIV worldwide with the number of new infections that year being about 2 million. This is down from 3.1 million new infections in 2001. Of these 37 million more than half are women and 2.6 million are less than 15 years old.  It resulted in about 1.2 million deaths in 2014, down from a peak of 2.2 million in 2005. HIV is a Sexually Transmitted Infection (STD). It can also be spread by contact with infected blood or from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or breast-feeding. Without medication, it may take years before HIV weakens our immune Read More

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Hepatitis B : Sign & Symptoms, Transmission, Risk factors, Diagnosis, Complication, Treatment and Prevention

Hepatitis B is a serious liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). For some people, hepatitis B infection becomes chronic, meaning it lasts more than six months. Having chronic hepatitis B increases your risk of developing liver failure, liver cancer or cirrhosis of liver (permanent scarring of the liver). Most people infected with hepatitis B as adults recover fully, even if their signs and symptoms are severe. Infants and children are more likely to develop a chronic hepatitis B infection. A vaccine can prevent hepatitis B infection but there’s no cure if you have it. If you’re infected, taking certain precautions can help prevent spreading HBV to others. In 2016, the World Health Assembly passed the Global Health Sector Strategy on Viral Hepatitis, which included specific targets for eliminating Hepatitis B virus and Hepatitis C virus by 2030. Therefore, to estimate hepatitis B surface antigen prevalence, prophylaxis, diagnosed Read More

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Scrub typhus : Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis & Examination, Treatment & Complication and Prevention

Scrub typhus is a disease caused by a bacteria called Orientia tsutsugamushi (rickettsial bacteria); it’s also known as tsutsugamushi disease  or bush typhus . The most common symptoms of scrub typhus include fever, headache, body aches, and sometimes rash and untreated typhus can lead to serious complications and it’s potentially fatal. Scrub typhus is spread to people through bites of infected chiggers (mites), Fleas, lice or ticks transmit. When Fleas, mites, lice, and ticks carrying rickettsial bacteria and bite someone the bacteria transmit into the patient blood stream. Once in the bloodstream, the bacteria continue to reproduce and grow that causes typhus. There are three different types of typhus: Epidemic (louse-borne) typhus, Endemic (murine) typhus and Scrub typhus. These are caused by three different types of typhus, and each type is caused by a different type of bacterium and transmitted by a different type of arthropod. Typhus is not transmitted Read More